1. The Advent (Holkar Era)
The history of Indore takes us back to the landlords of Malwa who got ‘jaagirdari’ of Malwa during Mughal reign. Irked by the Maratha invaders. The then chief landlord of Malwa Rao Nandlal, Choudhary while visiting the banks a river saraswati found a place surrounded by rivers. He constructed his fort at this place and named the place ‘Indrapur’ after lord Indreshwar. In modern times it got changed to ‘Indore’. Later Ahilyabai Holkar when came to power shifted the capital from Indore to Maheshwar.
2. The British Reign
After the defeat of Holkars in the third Anglo-Maratha war known as the ‘Mahidpur War’ and the capital was again shifted back to Indore. British residency got established in Indore but Holkars continued to rule Indore state as a princely state. Ujjain was the commercial capital of Malwa. Then Britishers decided to promote Indore for commercial activities.
3. The development Era
Indore got its electricity supply in 1906 and fire brigade was established in 1909. Patrick Geddes a renowned architect prepared the master plan of the city in 1918. Under Maharaja Tukoji Rao Holkar II Indore saw its planned development and Industrial development. With the advent of Railways in 1875, business in Indore flourished like never before.
4. Indore- a part of Madhya Pradesh
After the Independence, Indore with other princely states became a part of Union of India in 1948. When Madhya Bharat was formed, Indore became its summer capital. Later on, Madhya Bharat was merged with Madhya Pradesh and the state capital was shifted to Bhopal.
5. Indore- the smart city
After becoming a part of Madhya Pradesh, Indore has rapidly grown to be the classiest city of the state. Present day Indore is the commercial capital of the state and soon to be one of the I.T. hubs of the nation. Growing miles and still retaining the culture and soul of the Malwa is what the city has achieved in its time travel. The city is among one of the 20 smart cities announced by the government of India.Tags: #IGOTIT, history of indore, holkar era, indore, indore history, indore timeline, smart city indore